Bar Admissions
  • Michigan, 1976
  • U.S. Tax Court, 1979
  • U.S. District Court, Western District of Michigan, 1980

Education
  • JD, University of Michigan, 1973   
  • MA, University of Michigan, 1975
  • PhD, University of Michigan, 1977              
  • BA, University of Michigan, 1970

Professional Associations
  • State Bar of Michigan
  • Grand Rapids Bar Association